FABRIC SCHOOL

List of textile fabrics – fabric names – fabric patterns – type of fabrics – fabric material – kind of fabrics

Fabrics are a very big part or your business and your brand’s story. Fabrics are what your products are made of and therefore a huge opportunity for you to differentiate your brand from the competition. By working with suppliers and mills directly you can make your own special fabrics that don’t exist anywhere else.  To learn about fabrics and to find ways to cleverly and strategically use them in your collections is like a guarantee for your brand.  Bespoke fabrics take more time to develop than off-the-shelf, but with planning it can be a smart move. Imagine having totally unique materials on the market, that fully tie into your brand core values.

Fiber

A fiber is a fine hair-like thread or strand and is considered the raw material of textiles. The fiber is extracted from various sources and later woven or knitted into fabrics. In addition to obtaining from animals, plants, and minerals, many of the fibers are made artificially into synthetic fabrics.  Below is a list of the most common used textile fibers.

Fabrics in the apparel industry are made of natural or artificial fibers and can be produced with three different techniques: weaving, knitting, or felting

There are 2 types of textile fibers: Staple and filament.

Staple fibers are pretty short, measured in millimeters or inches and filament fibers are quite long and are measured in meters or yards. Most of the natural fibers are staple fibers, except one – silk that is reeled from a silkworm cocoon. Man-made fibers can be both staple or filament, depending on the fabric it is intended for. Man-made fibers are always first produced as filament then cut down to resemble staple fibers.

Based on the source of the fibers, they are classified as natural fibers or man-made fibers:

  • Natural fibers:
    • Animal Fibers:
      • Animal Hair Fibers
      • Animal Secretion Fibers
    • Plant Fibers:
      • Plant Leaf Fibers
      • Plant Bast Fibers
      • Plant Seed Fibers
      • Plant Wood Fibers
    • Mineral Fibers

 

  • Man-made Fibers:
    • Synthetic Fibers

 

Fabric descriptions

We have added a fabric school section in the Member Zone, where you will find descriptions of the following materials:

2-LAYER
2,5-LAYER
3-LAYER
ACRYLIC
BAMBOO
BONDING
CALICO
CASHMERE
CHIFFON
CORDUROY
COTTON
CREPE FABRIC
CROCHET
DENIM
DOBBY
DWR
FELT
FLANNEL
FLEECE
FRENCH TERRY
GEORGETTE
GINGHAM
GREIGE FABRIC
HEMP
LACE
LAMINATION
LINEN
MOHAIR
MUSLIN 
NEOPRENE
NYLON/POLYAMIDE
ORGANZA
OXFORD
PIQUE
POLYESTER
POLYPROPYLENE
POPLIN
RAMIE
SATIN
SEERSUCKER
SILK
SLUB
SPANDEX
TAFFETA
TERRY CLOTH
VELOUR
VELVET
VISCOSE/RAYON
WATERPROOF & BREATHABLE
WOOL

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